The Arab region today is at a critical crossroads, as cultural heritage has never before been exposed to the types of threats it is facing today; the natural processes of decay and deterioration have always threatened heritage, but human induced threats such as negligence, development and even deliberate destruction have recently intensified. Despite the current challenges, cultural heritage has the potential to unify the society and foster a culture of peace. Cultural heritage may indeed be a vehicle to resolve grievances and to diffuse conflicts. Responding to regional needs, ICCROM-Sharjah has launched the first Arab Forum for Cultural Heritage, entitled “A Regional Vision to Preserve and Promote Cultural Heritage” was held in the Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates in February 2018. It had focused on the notions and perceptions of cultural heritage in the Arab Region, the reasons that motivate societies to preserve it, the threats facing it and the strategy to protect and promote it. The participants agreed during the first Forum’s sessions and its deliberations on the importance of preserving cultural heritage in the Arab world, the need to highlight its diversity in multiculturalism and to consider it as a source of richness that forms part of the value, legal and educational systems in the Arab states. The participants also considered the importance of protecting cultural heritage to ensure the continuity of past traditions in the Arab world. Participants considered the concepts of modernity, authenticity and cultural diversity within a collective (non-exclusive) identity and its formation through accumulations and intellectual interactions produced by successive generations. These formulated diverse cultural visions and creations in all fields of heritage including its interconnected tangible and intangible forms.